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2016 | Silver 925 thousandths | VII Numismatics Jewels: “Iberians and Phoenicians” | Spain is Art
This coin of 10 euros face value has the reproduction of a light silver Gadir Drachma in proof quality of limited edition of 7,500 units presented in a jewelry box.
The obverse of the coin represents a Light Drachma of Gadir, showing the head of Melqart, a Phoenician deity assimilated to the Greek Heracles, covered with the skin of the lion of Nemea. The reverse of the light drachma shows a tuna, among Punic legends that are interpreted as: “minted or minted in Gadir”. This fish is the symbol of the deity and also alludes to the fishing and salting activities of this colony.
The colony of Gadir, the Roman Gades, was founded by the Phoenicians around 1100 BC. In 237 BC, Carthaginian troops landed there with Amilcar Barca. The first coinage, throughout the 3rd century B.C. is in bronze, to start at the end of the century to work on silver pieces. Most of the coins from Gadir represent the same motifs, the head of Melqart, a Phoenician deity assimilated to the Greek Heracles, covered with the skin of the lion of Nemea and sometimes with the nail or mace on his shoulder on the obverse and one or two tuna fish on the reverse. This fish is the symbol of the deity and also alludes to the fishing and salting activities of the colony.
The VII Series of this Collection is dedicated to the "Iberians and Phoenicians", pre-Roman peoples who inhabited the Iberian Peninsula and left their mark on Spain's cultural heritage.